Os Desafios da Construção da Legitimidade do Empreendedor Institucional no Processo de Revitalização de Polos Varejistas de Ruas

André Luiz Barbosa da Silva, Juracy Parente

Resumo


Os polos varejistas de rua sofreram forte interferência com as mudanças de mercado, contribuindo para seu processo de declínio. Projetos de revitalização são formas de reverter esse processo. No entanto, o contexto brasileiro não apresenta um modelo legitimado e institucionalizado que permita o desenvolvimento do processo de revitalização. Percebe-se que movimentos iniciais para o processo de revitalização podem surgir espontaneamente pelos varejistas ou estes são convocados por instituições externas ao polo para atuarem como empreendedores institucionais. Para trilhar na revitalização, o empreendedor institucional varejista (EIV) necessita construir a sua legitimidade entre seus pares e posteriormente com o campo externo ao polo. Nesse sentido, esta pesquisa apresenta como objetivo central descrever e explicar o processo de construção da legitimidade do EIV entre seus pares e posteriormente como estes atuam de forma gradual para construir legitimidade do polo varejista no campo institucional. Para responder o objetivo, este artigo aplicou o estudo de caso múltiplo com oito polos varejistas espalhados pelo Brasil. Os resultados mostraram que mesmo apresentando um projeto estruturado, com benefícios coletivos e com propósito de elevar atratividade local, esses elementos não foram suficientes para garantirem a construção da legitimidade do EIVs.


Palavras-chave


Empreendedorismo Institucional; Legitimidade; Polos de Rua; Teoria Institucional; Varejo

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v7i3.1089

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Rev. Empreendedorismo Gest. Pequenas Empres., São Paulo, SP, Brasil. e-ISSN: 2316-2058    

Prefixo do DOI: 10.14211  Classificação Qualis 2016: B1

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