Universidades e a Dinâmica Locacional do Empreendedorismo Acadêmico: Uma Abordagem para o Estado de São Paulo

Filipe Scorsatto, Bruno Brandão Fischer, Paola Rücker Schaeffer

Resumo


Objetivo – Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo investigar a dinâmica de localização de empreendedores acadêmicos no Estado de São Paulo e a sua associação com as respectivas universidades de origem.

Metodologia/abordagem – Foram analisados 1.082 projetos PIPE/FAPESP no período compreendido entre 1998 e 2017, permitindo a construção de mapas de calor que evidenciam padrões consistentes de distribuição geográfica do empreendedorismo acadêmico intensivo em conhecimento na unidade federativa abordada.

Principais resultados – Enquanto as universidades públicas intensivas em pesquisa possuem um papel preponderante na geração e retenção de empreendedores em nível local, a distância de mercados desenvolvidos reduz significativamente a concentração de spin offs nas regiões.

Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas - Tal achado traz implicações para o entendimento de que os campi de universidades podem alavancar os níveis de desenvolvimento regional, uma vez que as relações causais neste processo parecem estar atreladas tanto a fatores endógenos como a processos exógenos à universidade.

Relevância/originalidade - As questões envolvidas nesta análise compreendem temas de interesse central na busca por um entendimento em maior profundidade da dinâmica evolutiva dos ecossistemas de empreendedorismo no contexto brasileiro.

Palavras-chave


Empreendedorismo Acadêmico; Geografia do Empreendedorismo; Desenvolvimento Regional; Universidades

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v8i3.1381

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Rev. Empreendedorismo Gest. Pequenas Empres., São Paulo, SP, Brasil. e-ISSN: 2316-2058    

Prefixo do DOI: 10.14211  Classificação Qualis 2016: B1