Educação Empreendedora: o que dizem os artigos mais relevantes? Proposição de uma revisão de literatura e panorama de pesquisa.
Keywords:Educação Empreendedora, Ensino de Empreendedorismo, Revisão Sistemática de Literatura, Estudos Bibliométricos, Empreendedorismo
Objetivo do estudo: o presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar o panorama da literatura acadêmica em ensino de empreendedorismo, identificando tópicos de concentração e tendências para estudos futuros.
Metodologia: este trabalho adotou como método a Revisão Sistemática de Literatura, implementando um algoritmo de ranqueamento para organização de relevância de uma amostra de 934 trabalhos sobre ensino de empreendedorismo.
Principais resultados: com o algoritmo, foram identificados 54 artigos correspondentes a 50% do volume total de citações médias acumuladas em toda a amostra, o que permitiu uma análise de conteúdo e organização de tópicos e tendências. Foram identificados 9 grupos principais, com grande concentração de trabalhos no tópico “intenção empreendedora”. Três horizontes de pesquisa ainda a serem explorados emergiram da análise: a) ensino de empreendedorismo e novas abordagens em sala de aula; b) a ótica de ecossistemas de empreendedorismo no ensino e estudantes como atores no processo de formação; c) temas emergentes, como cultura, gênero e negócios sociais.
Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: o trabalho contribui em apresentar um método diferenciado para definição de relevância de artigos em estudos bibliométricos, método este não encontrado nas revisões anteriores sobre ensino de empreendedorismo. Além disso, dos resultados emergiram provocações para estudos robustos, tais como estudos qualitativos que permitam a identificação de variáveis moderadoras relevantes para o tema.
Relevância/originalidade: além do diferencial metodológico, esta pesquisa mostra-se original pela organização dos diversos trabalhos em ensino de empreendedorismo, podendo ser um material de consulta sobre referências fundamentais para diferentes pesquisadores no tema em começo de jornada.
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