Where do international opportunities come from and where does literature go?


  • Rennaly Alves da Silva Department of Applied Social Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba, CCHSA/UFPB, Bananeiras, PB, Brazil Department of Administrative Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5911-7321
  • Marcos André Mendes Primo Department of Administrative Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8126-9252




Identification of International Opportunity, International Entrepreneurship, Matrix of International Opportunity


Purpose/Objective: This article aims to conduct a bibliometric study in order to analyze how the literature on international opportunities has addressed the issues surrounding its identification and origin. Method: A matrix was elaborated considering two fundamental aspects in the discussions on the theme: (1) how international opportunities are identified: created or discovered; and (2) the origin of the international opportunity: internal or external. Then, a bibliometric study was carried out, with an adaptation of the steps proposed by Ellegaard and Wallin (2015). The selected articles were classified in the proposed matrix. Originality/Relevance: This article innovates by developing an analytical tool that allows, through bibliometric study, the perception of how the literature on international opportunities has focused on some aspects and neglected others that could be complementary in the analysis, providing a more comprehensive understanding of the phenomena and closer to reality. Results: The literature has focused on opportunities discovered by an internal source of the company, such as the ability of managers to identify international opportunities; and neglected the opportunities created, mainly by an internal source, such as in processes of effectuation. Theoretical/methodological contributions: The contributions of this study reside, therefore, in the development of a matrix that represents, in a simple and objective way, the core of the discussions in the area, which involves origin and identification of international opportunities. In addition, the bibliometric study indicates the paths that have been taken by scholars in the area, as well as allowing to discuss potential themes for future studies.



Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Rennaly Alves da Silva, Department of Applied Social Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba, CCHSA/UFPB, Bananeiras, PB, Brazil Department of Administrative Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE

Rennaly Alves da Silva is a professor at the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Bananeiras, PB, Brazil. She holds a Ph.D. from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). His research interests are International Business and Business Strategies.

Marcos André Mendes Primo, Department of Administrative Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE

Marcos André Mendes Primo is a professor at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil. He holds a Ph.D. from Arizona State University (ASU), USA. His research interests are innovation and entrepreneurship in technological hubs, Capabilities in Supply Chains and Shipbuilding.


Ahmadian, S., & Abdolmaleki, S. (2018). Network typology and international opportunity recognition: moderating role of entrepreneurial orientation. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 8(17). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0104-8

Alvarez, S. A., & Barney, J. B. (2010). Entrepreneurship and epistemology: The philosophical underpinnings of the study of entrepreneurial opportunities. Academy of Management annals, 4(1), 557-583. https://doi.org/10.5465/19416520.2010.495521

Andersson, S., & Evers, N. (2015). International opportunity recognition in international new ventures—a dynamic managerial capabilities perspective. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(3), 260-276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-015-0149-5

Angeli, F., & Grimaldi, R. (2010). Leveraging offshoring: the identification of new business opportunities in international settings. Industry and Innovation, 17(4), 393-413. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2010.496245

Angelsberger, M., Kraus, S., Mas-Tur, A., & Tierno, N. (2017). International opportunity recognition: an overview. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 27(1), 19-36. ISSN 2380-1751.

Aspelund, A., & Moen, Ø. (2004). Internationalization of small high-tech firms: the role of information technology. Journal of Eeromarketing, 13(2-3), 85-105. https://doi.org/10.1300/J037v13n02_05

Bai, W., & Johanson, M. (2018). International opportunity networks. Industrial Marketing Management, 70, 167-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2017.07.004

Bhatti, W. A., Larimo, J., & Coudounaris, D. N. (2016). The effect of experiential learning on subsidiary knowledge and performance. Journal of Business Research, 69(5), 1567-1571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.10.018

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1985). A construção da realidade social. São Paulo: Vozes.

Bhowmick, S. (2019). How psychic distance and opportunity perceptions affect entrepreneurial firm internationalization. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l’Administration, 36(1), 97-112. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjas.1482

Butler, J. E., Doktor, R., & Lins, F. A. (2010). Linking international entrepreneurship to uncertainty, opportunity discovery, and cognition. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 8(2), 121-134. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-010-0054-x

Caiazza, R. (2014). Identifying international market opportunities: the case of Italian companies in Egypt. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 21(4), 665-674. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-08-2012-0051

Carvalho, C. A. S. (2017). Formação de Oportunidades por meio de Redes na Internacionalização de Empresas Incubadas no Brasil (Tese de doutorado). Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Cesinger, B., Fink, M., Madsen, T., & Kraus, S. (2012). Rapidly internationalizing ventures: how definitions can bridge the gap across contexts. Management Decision, 50(10), 1816-1842. https://doi.org/10.1108/00251741211279620

Clark, K., & Lengnick-Hall, M. L. (2012). MNC practice transfer: Institutional theory, strategic opportunities and subsidiary HR configuration. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(18), 3813-3837. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2012.665068

Cavusgil, S. T., Knight, G., & Riesenberg, J. R (2016). International Business: The New Realities. Student Value Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Chandra, Y. (2017). A time-based process model of international entrepreneurial opportunity evaluation. Journal of International Business Studies, 48(4), 423-451. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41267-017-0068-x

Chandra, Y., & Coviello, N. (2010). Broadening the concept of international entrepreneurship: ‘Consumers as International Entrepreneurs’. Journal of world business, 45(3), 228-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2009.09.006

Chandra, Y., Styles, C., & Wilkinson, I. (2009). The recognition of first time international entrepreneurial opportunities: Evidence from firms in knowledge-based industries. International Marketing Review. 26(1), 30-61. https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330910933195

Chandra, Y., Styles, C., & Wilkinson, I. F. (2012). An opportunity-based view of rapid internationalization. Journal of International Marketing, 20(1), 74-102. https://doi.org/10.1509/jim.10.0147

Chandra, Y., Styles, C., & Wilkinson, I. F. (2015). Opportunity portfolio: Moving beyond single opportunity explanations in international entrepreneurship research. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32(1), 199-228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-014-9400-1

Chetty, S., Karami, M., & Martín, O. M. (2018). Opportunity discovery and creation as a duality: Evidence from small firms’ foreign market entries. Journal of International Marketing, 26(3), 70-93. https://doi.org/10.1509/jim.17.0005

Cuero Acosta, Y. A. C., Adu-Gyamfi, R., Nabi, M. N. U., & Dornberger, U. (2017). Analysing the role of framework conditions influencing international entrepreneurial opportunity identification process. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 5(3), 9-29. https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2017.050301

Dell’Anno, D., Evangelista, F., & Del Giudice, M. (2018). Internationalization of science-based start-ups: Opportunity or requirement? Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 9(2), 649-664. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-016-0352-1

Della Corte, V., Zamparelli, G., & Micera, R. (2013). Innovation in tradition-based firms: dynamic knowledge for international competitiveness. European Journal of Innovation Management, 16(4), 405-439. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-06-2012-0065

Di Gregorio, D., Musteen, M., & Thomas, D. E. (2008). International new ventures: The cross-border nexus of individuals and opportunities. Journal of World Business, 43(2), 186-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2007.11.013

Dimitratos, P., & Jones, M. V. (2005). Future directions for international entrepreneurship research. International Business Review, 14(2), 119-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2004.06.003

Dimitratos, P., Johnson, J. E., Plakoyiannaki, E., & Young, S. (2016). SME internationalization: How does the opportunity-based international entrepreneurial culture matter? International Business Review, 25(6), 1211-1222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2016.03.006

Dörry, S. (2016). The role of elites in the co-evolution of international financial markets and financial centres: The case of Luxembourg. Competition & Change, 20(1), 21-36. https://doi.org/10.1177/1024529415623715

Drucker, P.F. (1998). The discipline of innovation. Harvard business review, 76 (6), 149-157.

Eerme, T., & Nummela, N. (2019). Capitalising on knowledge from big-science centres for internationalisation. International Marketing Review, 36(1), 108-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMR-03-2017-0059

Ellegaard, O., & Wallin, J. A. (2015). The bibliometric analysis of scholarly production: How great is the impact? Scientometrics, 105(3), 1809-1831. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-015-1645-z

Ellis, P. D. (2011). Social ties and international entrepreneurship: Opportunities and constraints affecting firm internationalization. Journal of International business studies, 42(1), 99-127. https://doi.org/10.1057/jibs.20l0.20

Elo, M., & Vincze, Z. (2019). Transnational intrapreneurship: opportunity development in transnational teams in the Nordic periphery. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 36(1-2), 103-125. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2019.096954

Fayena, I., Nelson, A., Rashman, L., & Rensburg, D. J. V. (2020). Learning strategies of high-tech entrepreneurs about business opportunities. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 12(2), 228-250. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEV.2020.105549

Ferreira, A. B. D. H. (1999). Novo dicionário Aurélio-século XXI. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira.

Gaglio, C. M., & Winter, S. (2009). Entrepreneurial Alertness and Opportunity Identification: Where Are We Now? In Understanding the entrepreneurial mind (pp. 305-325). New York, NY: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0443-0_14

Galdino, K. M; Rezende, S. F. L. (2015, setembro) The Internationalization Process of the Firm through an Opportunity Lens. Anais do Encontro de Ensino e Pesquisa em Administração e Contabilidade, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

George, N. M., Parida, V., Lahti, T., & Wincent, J. (2016). A systematic literature review of entrepreneurial opportunity recognition: insights on influencing factors. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(2), 309-350. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-014-0347-y

Haaja, E. (2020). Why do some SMEs engage in joint internationalisation and others do not? Exploring the role of mental images in collective international opportunity recognition. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 18, 15-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-019-00253-4

Hannibal, M., Evers, N., & Servais, P. (2016). Opportunity recognition and international new venture creation in university spin-offs – Cases from Denmark and Ireland. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 345-372. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-016-0181-0

Hilmersson, M., & Papaioannou, S. (2015). SME international opportunity scouting –empirical insights on its determinants and outcomes. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(3), 186-211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-015-0155-7

Holm, D. B., Johanson, M., & Kao, P. T. (2015). From outsider to insider: Opportunity development in foreign market networks. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(3), 337-359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-015-0154-8

Hurmerinta, L., Nummela, N., & Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, E. (2015). Opening and closing doors: The role of language in international opportunity recognition and exploitation. International Business Review, 24(6), 1082-1094. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.04.010

Ivančić, V., Mencer, I., Jelenc, L., & Dulčić, Ž. (2017). Strategy implementation–external environment alignment. Management: journal of contemporary management issues, 22(Special), 51-67.

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (1977). The internationalization process of the firm – a model of knowledge development and increasing foreign market commitments. Journal of international business studies, 8(1), 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490676

Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. (2009). The Uppsala internationalization process model revisited: From liability of foreignness to liability of outsidership. Journal of international business studies, 40(9), 1411-1431. https://doi.org/10.1057/jibs.2009.24

Jones, M. V., Coviello, N., & Tang, Y. K. (2011). International entrepreneurship research (1989–2009): a domain ontology and thematic analysis. Journal of business venturing, 26(6), 632-659. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2011.04.001

Kalinic, I., Sarasvathy, S. D., & Forza, C. (2014). ‘Expect the unexpected’: Implications of effectual logic on the internationalization process. International Business Review, 23(3), 635-647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.11.004

Karra, N., Phillips, N., & Tracey, P. (2008). Building the born global firm: developing entrepreneurial capabilities for international new venture success. Long Range Planning, 41(4), 440-458 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2008.05.002

Kauppinen, A., & Juho, A. (2012). Internationalisation of SMEs from the perspective of social learning theory. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 10(3), 200-231. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-012-0093-6

Kindl, E.-M., & Casais, B. (2019). Motivations and perceived opportunities for partnerships among international business consultancy firms. Review of International Business and Strategy, 29(4), 315-328. https://doi.org/10.1108/RIBS-02-2019-0024

Kirzner, I. M. (1973). Competition and Entrepreneurship. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Kirzner, I. M. (1997). Entrepreneurial discovery and the competitive market process: An Austrian approach. Journal of economic Literature, 35(1), 60-85. Recuperado de https://www.jstor.org/stable/2729693?seq=1

Kiss, A. N., Danis, W. M., Nair, S., & Suddaby, R. (2020). Accidental tourists? A cognitive exploration of serendipitous internationalisation. International Small Business Journal, 38(2), 65-89. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242619884032

Kraus, S., Niemand, T., Angelsberger, M., Mas-Tur, A., & Tierno, N. (2017). Antecedents of international opportunity recognition in born global firms. Journal of Promotion management, 23(3), 386-406. https://doi.org/10.1080/10496491.2017.1294869

Kumar, N., & Sharma, D. D. (2018). The role of organisational culture in the internationalisation of new ventures. International Marketing Review, 35(5), 806-832. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMR-09-2014-0299

Laperrière, A., & Spence, M. (2015). Enacting international opportunities: the role of organizational learning in knowledge-intensive business services. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(3), 212-241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-015-0151-y

Lee, S. H., & Williams, C. (2007). Dispersed entrepreneurship within multinational corporations: A community perspective. Journal of World Business, 42(4), 505-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2007.08.001

Lindstrand, A., & Hånell, S. M. (2017). International and market-specific social capital effects on international opportunity exploitation in the internationalization process. Journal of World Business, 52(5), 653-663. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2017.05.002

Lundberg, H., & Rehnfors, A. (2018). Transnational entrepreneurship: opportunity identification and venture creation. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 16(2), 150-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-018-0228-5

Ma, Z., Zhu, J., Meng, Y., & Teng, Y. (2019). The impact of overseas human capital and social ties on Chinese returnee entrepreneurs’ venture performance. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 25(1), 67-83. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-07-2017-0246

Mainela, T., Pernu, E. & Puhakka, V. (2011). The development of a high-tech international new venture as a process of acting: A study of the lifespan of a venture in software business. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 18(3), 430-456. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626001111155655

Mainela, T., & Puhakka, V. (2011). Role of networks in emergence of international new ventures. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 3(1), 5-25. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEV.2011.037855

Mainela, T., Puhakka, V., & Servais, P. (2014). The concept of international opportunity in international entrepreneurship: a review and a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 16(1), 105-129. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12011

Mainela, T., Puhakka, V., & Sipola, S. (2018). International entrepreneurship beyond individuals and firms: On the systemic nature of international opportunities. Journal of Business Venturing, 33(4), 534-550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.04.002

Masiello, B., & Izzo, F. (2019). Interpersonal social networks and internationalization of traditional SMEs. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(sup2), 658-691. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12536

Mathews, J. A., & Zander, I. (2007). The international entrepreneurial dynamics of accelerated internationalisation. Journal of international business studies, 38(3), 387-403. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400271

McGaughey, S. L. (2007). Hidden ties in international new venturing: The case of portfolio entrepreneurship. Journal of World Business, 42(3), 307-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2007.04.011

Miocevic, D., & Morgan, R. E. (2018). Operational capabilities and entrepreneurial opportunities in emerging market firms: Explaining exporting SME growth. International Marketing Review, 35(2), 320-341. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMR-12-2015-0270

Mort, G. S., & Weerawardena, J. (2006). Networking capability and international entrepreneurship: How networks function in Australian born global firms. International Marketing Review, 23(5), 549-572. https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330610703445

Mostafiz, M. I., Sambasivan, M., & Goh, S. K. (2019). Impacts of dynamic managerial capability and international opportunity identification on firm performance. Multinational Business Review, 27(4), 339-363. https://doi.org/10.1108/MBR-09-2018-0061

Muñoz-Bullón, F., Sánchez-Bueno, M. J., & Vos-Saz, A. (2015). Nascent entrepreneurs’ personality attributes and the international dimension of new ventures. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(3), 473-492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-013-0284-1

Muzychenko, O. (2008). Cross-cultural entrepreneurial competence in identifying international business opportunities. European Management Journal, 26(6), 366-377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2008.09.002

Muzychenko, O., & Liesch, P. W. (2015). International opportunity identification in the internationalisation of the firm. Journal of World Business, 50(4), 704-717. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2014.12.001

Nkongolo-Bakenda, J. M., & Chrysostome, E. V. (2020). Exploring the organizing and strategic factors of diasporic transnational entrepreneurs in Canada: An empirical study. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 18, 1-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-020-00268-2

Nordman, E. R., & Melén, S. (2008). The impact of different kinds of knowledge for the internationalization process of born globals in the biotech business. Journal of World Business, 43(2), 171-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2007.11.014

Nordman, E. R., & Tolstoy, D. (2016). The impact of opportunity connectedness on innovation in SMEs’ foreign-market relationships. Technovation, 57, 47-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2016.04.001

Nowiński, W., & Rialp, A. (2016). The impact of social networks on perceptions of international opportunities. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(2), 445-461. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12149

Oviatt, B. M., & McDougall, P. P. (1994). Toward a theory of international new ventures. Journal of International Business Studies, 25(1), 45-64. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490193

Oviatt, B. M., & McDougall, P. P. (2005). Defining international entrepreneurship and modeling the speed of internationalization. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 29(5), 537-553. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2005.00097.x

Oyson, M. J. & Whittaker, H. (2015). Entrepreneurial cognition and behavior in the discovery and creation of international opportunities. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13 (3), 303-336. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-015-0156-6

Park, Y., & Yoon, J. (2017). Application technology opportunity discovery from technology portfolios: Use of patent classification and collaborative filtering. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 118, 170-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.02.018

Pearson, J., Viviers, W., Cuyvers, L., & Naudé, W. (2010). Identifying export opportunities for South Africa in the southern engines: A DSM approach. International Business Review, 19(4), 345-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2010.01.003

Peiris, I. K., Akoorie, M. E., & Sinha, P. (2012). International entrepreneurship: A critical analysis of studies in the past two decades and future directions for research. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 10(4), 279-324. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-012-0096-3

Piantoni, M., Baronchelli, G., & Cortesi, E. (2012). The recognition of international opportunities among Italian SMEs: Differences between European and Chinese markets. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 17(2), 199-219. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2012.048847

Pinho, J. C. M., Martins, L., & Soares, A. M. (2018). Small businesses’ internationalization: International readiness in the context of Asian countries. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 10(1), 50-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/APJBA-05-2017-0043

Ratten, V., & Tajeddini, K. (2017). Innovativeness in family firms: an internationalization approach. Review of International Business and Strategy, 27(2), 217-230 https://doi.org/10.1108/RIBS-12-2016-0085

Rezende, S., Galdino, K., & Lamont, B. (2018). Internationalization process through an opportunity lens. RAUSP Management Journal, 53(3), 422-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/rausp-04-2018-007

Rezvani, M., Lashgari, M., & Farsi, J. Y. (2019). International entrepreneurial alertness in opportunity discovery for market entry. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 21(2), 76-102. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRME-01-2018-0003

Reilly, M., & Scott, P. S. (2014). Subsidiary driven innovation within shifting MNC structures: Identifying new challenges and research directions. Technovation, 34(3), 190-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2013.11.004

Sahai, R., & Frese, M. (2019). If you have a hammer, you only look for nails: the relationship between the Einstellung effect and business opportunity identification. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(3), 927-942. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12346

Santangelo, G. D., & Meyer, K. E. (2011). Extending the internationalization process model: Increases and decreases of MNE commitment in emerging economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 42(7), 894-909. https://doi.org/10.1057/jibs.2011.25

Sarasvathy, S. D. (2001). Causation and effectuation: Toward a theoretical shift from economic inevitability to entrepreneurial contingency. Academy of management Review, 26(2), 243-263. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2001.4378020

Sarasvathy, S., Kumar, K., York, J. G., & Bhagavatula, S. (2014). An effectual approach to international entrepreneurship: Overlaps, challenges, and provocative possibilities. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(1), 71-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12088

Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1942). Socialism, capitalism and democracy. New York, NY: Harper and Brothers.

Schweizer, R. (2013). SMEs and networks: Overcoming the liability of outsidership. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 11(1), 80-103. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-012-0097-2

Schweizer, R., Vahlne, J. E., & Johanson, J. (2010). Internationalization as an entrepreneurial process. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 8(4), 343-370. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-010-0064-8

Senik, Z. C., & Sham, R. M. (2011). SME internationalization intelligence information and knowledge on international opportunities. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 13(2), 161-183. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamaijb.5489

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of management review, 25(1), 217-226. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2000.2791611

Shuen, A., Feiler, P. F., & Teece, D. J. (2014). Dynamic capabilities in the upstream oil and gas sector: Managing next generation competition. Energy Strategy Reviews, 3, 5-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2014.05.002

Sleuwaegen, L. (2013). Scanning for profitable (international) growth. Journal of Strategy and Management, 6(1), 96-110. https://doi.org/10.1108/17554251311296585

Styles, C., & Genua, T. (2008). The rapid internationalization of high technology firms created through the commercialization of academic research. Journal of World Business, 43(2), 146-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2007.11.011

Tabares, A., Chandra, Y., Alvarez, C., & Escobar-Sierra, M. (2020). Opportunity-related behaviors in international entrepreneurship research: a multilevel analysis of antecedents, processes, and outcomes. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1-48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-020-00636-3

Tuomisalo, T. (2019). Emergence of an entrepreneurial opportunity: A case within a Finnish telecommunication international new venture. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 17(3), 334-354. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-019-00247-2

Urban, B. (2019). Social Networking and Opportunity Recognition: A Focus on Internationalised Firms in South Africa. The Journal of Entrepreneurship, 28(2), 295-315. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971355719851907

Urban, B., & Sefalafala, M. R. (2015). The influence of entrepreneurial intensity and capabilities on internationalisation and firm performance. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 18(2), 260-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2222-3436/2015/v18n2a9

Urban, B., & Willard, C. (2017). The antecedents of opportunity recognition in internationalized firms: An empirical study in South Africa. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 18(3), 175-184. https://doi.org/10.1177/1465750317713931

Uthamaputhran, S. (2018). Effectuation and Speed of International Opportunity Discovery: A Study from Malaysian High-Tech SMEs Entrepreneur Perspective. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 25(1), 1-13. ISSN: 1939-4675 https://www.abacademies.org/articles/effectuation-and-speed-of-international-opportunity-discovery-a-study-from-malaysian-hightech-smes-entrepreneur-perspective-7726.html

Vahlne, J. E., & Johanson, J. (2013). The Uppsala model on evolution of the multinational business enterprise–from internalization to coordination of networks. International Marketing Review, 30(3), 189-208. https://doi.org/10.1108/02651331311321963

Vandor, P., & Franke, N. (2016). See Paris and… found a business? The impact of cross-cultural experience on opportunity recognition capabilities. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(4), 388-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2016.03.003

Veilleux, S., Haskell, N., & Béliveau, D. (2018). Opportunity recognition by international high technology start-up and growth photonics firms. International journal of entrepreneurship and innovation management, 22(1), 126-151. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEIM.2018.089715

Vinogradov, E., & Jørgensen, E. J. B. (2017). Differences in international opportunity identification between native and immigrant entrepreneurs. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 15(2), 207-228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-016-0197-5

Westhead, P. (2008). International opportunity exploitation behaviour reported by “types” of firms relating to exporting experience. Journal of small business and enterprise development. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000810892274

Wilkinson, I. F., Mattsson, L. G., & Easton, G. (2000). International competitiveness and trade promotion policy from a network perspective. Journal of World Business, 35(3), 275-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1090-9516(00)00039-0

Wilkinson, I. F., Young, L., & Freytag, P. V. (2005). Business mating: Who chooses and who gets chosen? Industrial Marketing Management, 34(7), 669-680. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2005.06.003

Zaefarian, R., Eng, T. Y., & Tasavori, M. (2016). An exploratory study of international opportunity identification among family firms. International Business Review, 25(1), 333-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.06.002

Zahra, S. A., Newey, L. R., & Li, Y. (2014). On the frontiers: The implications of social entrepreneurship for international entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(1), 137-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12061

Zahra, S. A., Korri, J. S., & Yu, J. (2005). Cognition and international entrepreneurship: implications for research on international opportunity recognition and exploitation. International business review, 14(2), 129-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2004.04.005

Żur, A. (2015). Social problems as sources of opportunity–antecedents of social entrepreneurship opportunities. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(4), https://doi.org/73-87.10.15678/EBER.2015.030203



How to Cite

Silva, R. A. da, & Primo, M. A. M. (2020). Where do international opportunities come from and where does literature go?. Iberoamerican Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 10(1), e1826. https://doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v10i1.1826