Esforços de Inovação de Pequenos Negócios na América Latina

Christian Daniel Falaster, Priscila Rezende da Costa

Resumo


Objetivo do estudo: Analisar os efeitos das dinâmicas institucionais nos esforços de inovação de pequenos negócios na América Latina. Metodologia/abordagem: Utilizamos uma base de dados do Banco Mundial com 11.446 pequenos negócios latino-americanos, que responderam questões relativas aos seus esforços de inovação (de produto, de processo e investimentos em pesquisa e desenvolvimento) nos últimos três anos. Para avaliar o efeito das dinâmicas institucionais (reformas e reversões), foram captados dados do Índice de Liberdade Econômica. Principais resultados: Concluímos que, nos pequenos negócios de países latino-americanos, os esforços de inovação podem estar mais ligados à preparação para o enfrentamento de um ambiente institucionalmente ineficiente do que ao aproveitamento dos ambientes que tiveram uma melhora institucional. Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas: Os movimentos desses pequenos negócios possivelmente se relacionam à busca por sobrevivência em um ambiente incerto, contrariando, assim, a suposição de que haveria mais esforços de inovação quando o ambiente fosse propício a ela. Relevância/originalidade: Este estudo é valioso por possibilitar a análise das dinâmicas institucionais, que podem levar a determinados tipos de resposta nos esforços de inovação de pequenos negócios. Contribuições sociais/para a gestão: este estudo também demonstra se a formulação de reformas institucionais pode impactar os pequenos negócios, no contexto latino-americano, sendo relevante, desse modo, para o desenvolvimento de políticas públicas.

CLASSIFICAÇÃO JEL: O32

 

Palavras-chave


Esforços de inovação; Dinâmicas institucionais; Reformas institucionais; Reversões institucionais.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v10i1.1957

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Prefixo do DOI: 10.14211  Classificação Qualis 2016: B1